Gravimetric separation

In the physical separation procedures, differences in the physical property of the components necessarily liberated such as mass density, the shape, the magnetic, electrical or optical properties are exploited, either intrinsically or in a differential manner.

The mass density is made use of through separations called gravimetric which bring together different techniques:

  • Dense mediums which use a liquid medium within which the components will float or sediment;
  • The techniques implementing a fluidisation of the components and where gravity is the principal motor of separation (jig, spiral separator, vibrating table, pneumatic table, etc.).
  • Centrifugal techniques more adapted to very fine products thanks to the much higher accelerations generated by centrifugal force (Knelson, Falcon, MGS, etc.)